As of June 1, there were 71.7 million hogs and pigs on U.S. farms, up 3 percent from June 2016, and up 1 percent from March 1, 2017, according to the Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report published June 29, 2017 by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
Other key findings in the report were:
- Of the 71.7 million hogs and pigs, 65.6 million were market hogs, while 6.07 million were kept for breeding.
- Between March 2017 and May 2017, 32.3 million pigs were weaned on U.S. farms, up 4 percent from the same time period one year earlier.
- From March 2017 through May 2017, U.S. hog and pig producers weaned an average of 10.55 pigs per litter.
- U.S. hog producers intend to have 3.06 million sows farrow between June and August 2017, and 3.06 million sows farrow between September and November 2017.
- Iowa hog producers accounted for the largest inventory among the states, at 22.2 million head. North Carolina and Minnesota had the second and third largest inventories with 9.00 million and 8.40 million head, respectively.
To obtain an accurate measurement of the U.S. swine industry, NASS surveyed over 7,500 operators across the nation during the first half of June. Data were collected by mail, telephone and through face-to-face interviews. All surveyed producers were asked to report their hog and pig inventories as of June 1, 2017. Since 1972, NASDA has been a partner with NASS in providing timely, accurate and useful statistics to U.S. agriculture. Under our NASS-NASDA cooperative agreement, NASDA employs more than 3,000 enumerators across the country who collect agricultural data on behalf of NASS. The Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report and all other NASS reports are available online at www.nass.usda.gov.